Reducing your carbon emissions.
The environmental aspects and impacts of using wood biomass as an energy source.
What is wood biomass and how does it differ from fossil fuel?
The vital difference between wood biomass and fossil fuels is one of time scale.
Wood is a carbon based biological material derived from living or
recently living organisms. In the context of wood biomass
for fuel this is often used to mean plant based material
such as trees or crops.
Wood biomass can be harvested on a sustainable basis as part of a
constantly replenished crop; CO2 is taken out of the atmosphere at the same
time as it is released by combustion of the previous harvest. This process is
often referred to as being CO2 Neutral.
This maintains a CLOSED CO2
CYCLE with no net increase in atmospheric
CO2 levels. Fossil fuels such as coal, oil and natural gas are also derived
from biological material, but crucially, material that absorbed CO2 from the
atmosphere many millions of years ago. As fuels they offer high energy density,
but making use of that energy involves releasing CO2 during the burn period which
was captured over a very long period of time, resulting in increased
Fossil fuels will in time become more difficult to obtain, more expensive, and finally run out.
Why choose a biomass heating system over a conventional one?
We are getting used to news reports such as - It is increasingly unlikely that global warming will be kept below an increase of 2C (3.6F) above pre-industrial levels, a study suggests.
Data show that global CO2 emissions in 2012 hit 35.6bn tonnes, a 2.6% increase from 2011 and 58% above 1990 levels.
The researchers say that CO2 emissions are the largest contributor to future climate change and a strong indicator of potential future warming.
We are also told that global warming, as a result of increased CO2 in the atmosphere, is responsible for the extreme weather
conditions we currently are experiencing at home and around the world.
Heating your home using fossil fuels emits CO2. Fossil fuels are not carbon neutral and will become increasingly scarce.
Using wood biomass as a fuel provides an economical and renewable / sustainable alternative to fossil fuels and is directly carbon neutral.
The emissions from wood burning biomass boilers does not contribute to raised CO2 levels as it is carbon neutral.
The growth of the timber fuel industry has also meant that sourcing biomass fuels
suitable for burning as fuel has never been easier. Wood can replace fossil fuel for many uses which will help the environment by
reducing the amount of CO2 build up in the atmosphere.
The key facts:
- Biomass boilers reduce your carbon emissions by eliminating or reducing your
dependency on gas, oil or electric for heating and hot water,
all of which are becoming increasingly expensive year-on-year.
- Biomass boilers are virtually carbon neutral.
- Biomass boilers use sustainable resources.
- Biomass boilers are encouraged through government grants available for feed in tariffs the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI),
the RHI is a payment for generating heat from renewable sources, and the Renewable Heat Premium Payment (RHPP),
a one off grant payable for installation.
For more details on how your biomass boiler can earn you money while it heats your home visit our grants page.